Question: Who Started Polio Vaccine In India?

Which vaccines are mandatory in India?

ImmunisationNational Immunization ScheduleVaccineWhen to giveRoutePentavelant 1,2 & 3At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeksIntramuscularRota Virus VaccineAt 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeksOralMeasles 1st Dose9 completed months-12 months.

(give up to 5 years if not received at 9-12 months age)Subcutaneous14 more rows.

At what age is BCG vaccine given in India?

It is best for your child to have the vaccine within a few days of being born and up to six months old, but they can be vaccinated any time up to five years of age. If your child is older than six months, he or she will be tested to see if they have TB.

Is polio a man made disease?

The creation of the man-made polio virus came just a month after the World Health Organization had declared polio eradicated from Europe and projected total eradication of the disease by 2005. Last year, only 480 cases were reported in the world.

Is polio present in India?

Though, India is a wild, poliovirus, disease-free country currently. But, the cases of Vaccine Derived Polio Virus (VDPV) disease, (around 50 cases documented by India lauded AFP surveillance system) can be seen.

When did polio vaccine start?

The first polio vaccine was available in the United States in 1955. Thanks to widespread use of polio vaccine, the United States has been polio-free since 1979.

Where did polio originally come from?

1894, first outbreak of polio in epidemic form in the U.S. occurs in Vermont, with 132 cases. 1908, Karl Landsteiner and Erwin Popper identify a virus as the cause of polio by transmitting the disease to a monkey.

Does polio still exist 2020?

Polio does still exist, although polio cases have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated more than 350 000 cases to 22 reported cases in 2017. This reduction is the result of the global effort to eradicate the disease.

Is polio A virus?

Polio, or poliomyelitis, is a disabling and life-threatening disease caused by the poliovirus. The virus spreads from person to person and can infect a person’s spinal cord, causing paralysis (can’t move parts of the body).

When did they stop giving the polio vaccine?

The results have been miraculous: Polio was eliminated from the United States in 1979 and from the Western Hemisphere in 1991. Since 2000, only IPV is recommended to prevent polio in the United States.

Why is polio still in Pakistan?

Multiple explanations have been put forward from national elections, transition of government, underlying issues of community distrust of vaccinations, to negligence of key staff. Achieving the end game: employing “vaccine diplomacy” to eradicate polio in Pakistan.

Who started polio vaccine?

An inactivated (killed) polio vaccine (IPV) developed by Dr. Jonas Salk and first used in 1955, and. A live attenuated (weakened) oral polio vaccine (OPV) developed by Dr. Albert Sabin and first used in 1961.

Who eradicated polio in India?

However, in 2014, India was officially declared polio-free, along with the rest of the South-East Asia Region. Thanks to the singular commitment of the Indian Government at all levels, partners of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, notably WHO, Rotary International and UNICEF, polio was tackled head-on.

What stopped polio?

Several key strategies have been outlined for stopping polio transmission: High infant immunization coverage with four doses of oral polio vaccine (OPV) in the first year of life in developing and endemic countries, and routine immunization with OPV and/or IPV elsewhere.

How did India stop polio?

The introduction of bivalent oral polio vaccine in 2010 also helped India to battle the disease. Previously, India had been using a monovalent vaccine that protected only against type 1 poliovirus transmission, not type 3. which was causing repeated disease outbreaks.

When did Polio start and end?

From 1916 onward, a polio epidemic appeared each summer in at least one part of the country, with the most serious occurring in the 1940s and 1950s. In the epidemic of 1949, 2,720 deaths from the disease occurred in the United States and 42,173 cases were reported and Canada and the United Kingdom were also affected.

When was the last polio case in India?

January 13, 2011India’s success in eliminating wild polioviruses (WPVs) has been acclaimed globally. Since the last case on January 13, 2011 success has been sustained for two years. By early 2014 India could be certified free of WPV transmission, if no indigenous transmission occurs, the chances of which is considered zero.

Is polio vaccine still given in India?

India remains polio free, all vaccines used in government immunisation prog safe: UNICEF, WHO. Like in other countries, bivalent oral polio vaccine (bOPV) has replaced the trivalent OPV (tOPV) in all polio campaigns and routine immunisation in India.

How many cases of polio are there in 2019?

To date, there have been 94 wild poliovirus cases reported in 2019, compared to 33 in all of 2018. In addition, several African nations reported single cases of vaccine-derived polio: Chad, Benin, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Ethiopia, Togo, and Zambia.

Who is polio spread?

Polio is spread when the stool of an infected person is introduced into the mouth of another person through contaminated water or food (fecal-oral transmission). Oral-oral transmission by way of an infected person’s saliva may account for some cases.

Who started pulse polio in India?

In 1995, following the Global Polio Eradication Initiative of the World Health Organization (1988), India launched Pulse Polio immunization program with Universal Immunization Program which aimed at 100% coverage.

When was polio vaccine started in India?

Similarly, following WHA resolution, Tamil Nadu and Kerala states conducted State-wise polio vaccination campaigns in 1993/1994 also. Delhi state of India, conducted first state-wide polio vaccination campaign on October 2, 1994, followed by another round in December 1994.