You should capitalize the names of countries, nationalities, and languages because they are proper nouns—English nouns that are always capitalized.
Consider the following sentences and pay attention to the capitalized nouns: English is made up of many languages, including Latin, German, and French.
Do you need to capitalize the word English?
English as a proper noun for the people of England, or the language which bears its name, should always be capitalized. It is a proper noun, after all. If it wasn’t capitalized you would call english an adjective. Capitalized, it is a pronoun and makes the phrase a compound noun.
Which words should be capitalized?
Use capitals for proper nouns. In other words, capitalize the names of people, specific places, and things. For example: We don’t capitalize the word “bridge” unless it starts a sentence, but we must capitalize Brooklyn Bridge because it is the name of a specific bridge.
Is the word nation capitalized?
The official designations of countries, national domains, and their principal administrative divisions are capitalized only if used as part of proper names, as proper names, or as proper adjectives. It says “State” should be capitalized when it is referring to the government or legislature.
Why does English have a capital letter?
Capital letters add a layer of information to the writing, signifying sentence starts, names, titles, and proper nouns. Most of the letters used in English derive from the Roman alphabet, which was entirely upper case. English has largely abandoned capitalized nouns, with specific exceptions, such as names.